Periodontics diagnoses and treats gum disease. Dr. Bacopoulou and the team focus on two of the most common types of gum disease, specifically:
Gingivitis is a mild infection of your gums. It occurs when plaque –– a thin film of food particles, bacteria, and saliva –– build-up on your teeth and beneath your gums. Early symptoms of gingivitis include red, swollen, or bleeding gums.
Periodontitis occurs when gingivitis remains untreated. Over time, it causes your gums to pull away from your teeth, forming pockets where harmful bacteria can collect. Without intervention, periodontitis can cause your permanent teeth to loosen or fall out.
Symptoms of gum disease include:
If you have an advanced case of gum disease, your gums might also start to recede and pull away from your teeth.
Dr. Bacopoulou and the team offer various periodontal services, including:
Scaling and root planing, or deep dental cleaning, is one of the most common treatments for gum disease. It involves your provider carefully removing plaque from beneath your gums. The process smooths your tooth roots, making it easier for your gums to reattach to your teeth.
Scaling and root planing usually requires one appointment. If you have an advanced case of gum disease, two or more visits might be necessary.
Antibiotic therapy uses prescription medication to eliminate harmful bacteria from your mouth. There are several types of antibiotics. Some come in liquid form; others are implantable beads that your provider places beneath your gums. Over time, the beads dissolve and destroy the infection.
If you have a case of gum disease that results in loose teeth or severe gum recession, Dr. Bacopoulou might recommend a gum graft. During a gum graft, Dr. Bacopoulou removes healthy tissue from another area of your mouth and stitches it over your receding gums.
If you’re worried about gum disease, request a periodontics consultation at Carnegie Dental Wellness by calling the office today or scheduling online.